TMS SMART: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Scalp Mapping of Annoyance Ratings and Twitches

TMS-SMART (Meteyard & Holmes, 2018) is a method to select stimulation sites for human TMS studies which allows you to control for the subjective annoyance, pain, and muscle twitches, as well as for visible twitches and reaction time changes associated with single-pulse TMS at 43 different sites on the scalp. This website allows you to browse the data visually, and to retrieve suggested control site locations.Holmes & Meteyard (2018) also made a similar comparison between our annoyance ratings and a small meta-analysis of other studies. And we are also compiling a database of adverse events in TMS studies.

(this website works best in a desktop browser; we will improve it for mobile devices on the next major upgrade...)

Maps - Interactive maps - Background - Methods - Glossary - Data - References


A brief guide to the maps, options, and data available.

Map types




Please see the separate list, in Table 1


Distances on scalp

For choosing control locations, distances refer to the straight line joining two locations, using the MNI-Scalp dataset. We may add distances along the scalp surface later




When the 'Scale to max?' box is selected, the data plots in the Interactive maps are coloured according to the maximum value actually recorded, across all participants, conditions, and orientations. When unselected, data plots are coloured using the maximum possible (or reasonable) value, depending on each Rating and Measure